Value Development Through Various Subjects


How Are Values Inculcated? | Describe The Strategies For Value Development Through School Subjects Like - Science, Music, Humanity, Drawing & Painting -

Value Development Through Various Subjects

The different subjects at the school stage - Social Sciences, Science, Languages, Mathematics, etc. seek to provide knowledge, attitudes, and values intrinsic to the particular discipline.

For example,

  • Science teaching aims at the development of understanding of the concepts, facts, principles, theories, and laws that describe the physical and natural world.
    • It is intended to strengthen the

      • Commitment to inquiry,
      • Curiosity,
      • Objectivity,
      • Scientific outlook,
      • Open-mindedness, search for truth, etc.
  • Language, besides encouraging communication and listening skills, is intended to inculcate

    • Imagination,
    • Sensitivity,
    • Creativity,
    • Appreciation and emotional development.
  • Mathematics is associated with

    • Logical thinking,
    • Decision making,
    • Order,
    • Neatness,
    • Accuracy and perseverance.
  • The Social Sciences at the school stage intend to broaden children's vision of society as good citizens.
  • Also Read: Concept Of Values
  • History portrays the values of

    • Patriotism,
    • Compassion,
    • Bravery,
    • Co-operation,
    • Loyalty,
    • Justice,
    • Perseverance is evidenced by the lives of great people.
  • Geography communicates

    • Interdependence of countries,
    • Unity in diversity,
    • Environmental conservation etc.

It is for this reason that objectives of teaching different school subjects also include the development of attitudes, appreciations, values, skills, which are appropriate to that subject.

Good teaching of a subject implies teaching the subject in such a way that the students gain insight into the nature of the subject, its logical structure, its methods and also imbibe the attitudes and values associated with that particular subject.

  • Presenting the lesson from a humanistic and positive perspective is important.
  • The lesson which would inspire, awaken positive feelings and experiences, help in

    • Understanding self,
    • Encourage openness and spirit of inquiry in raising questions,
    • Exploring, discovering, and constructing their understanding of values and
    • Providing opportunities to put their knowledge of values into practice is meaningful.
  • Strategies like questions, stories, anecdotes, games, experiments discussions, dialogues, value clarification, examples, analogies, metaphors, role play, simulation are helpful in promoting values during teaching-learning.
  • Some values may be more adequately inculcated while teaching a particular subject at a particular stage or grade, others may be more appropriately integrated with the other subjects at a particular grade.
  • Thus subject - appropriate and /grade-appropriate strategies vis-a-vis values need to be delineated.

Science And Value Development

  • Science deals with the material world and highlights the fact underlying this phenomenon.
  • It has the least concern for the world of values.
  • In the classroom of science, the teacher can reduce the gap between these two worlds by focusing on both aspects.

For Example: Suppose while he is teaching 'rainbow' in the classroom he explains the facts related to rainbow but at the same time, he should also emphasize the aesthetic qualities of a rainbow.

  • The various discoveries of science he/she is teaching must give the example of their use and disuse.
  • The implication of science for a better life and for the welfare of human beings should be brought to light.
  • The history of great scientists and their qualities that helped them towards greatness should also be taught in the classroom.


  • Biological interpretation of facts of life is made not only in terms of the struggle for existence but also in reference to the emergence of values.
  • The interdependence of man, animals, and plants should be emphasized in the classroom.

But the teacher should not try to search for values in each and every aspect of the subject matter; otherwise, this will spoil the romance of teaching and there will be the possibility of losing interest by the pupils.

Value Inculcation Through Drawing And Painting

Drawing and painting has also vital roles to play in fostering aesthetic values in our students.

    • It also helps to stimulate the creative attitude of the students with the use of various forms, patterns, and colors.
  • To prepare a new color by mixing two or more colors give a joy of creativeness to the youngsters.
  • Hence, the opportunity to develop creative ability must be provided in the school curriculum.

According to Read, (1948) "The only habit that is ennobling, penetrating to the frame and physique as well as the soul of man, is the creative activity in all its rituals, exercises, festivals, and practical services".

Development of Values Through Music

Music is also a very important source of inculcating values.

Music should be taught as a subject in school.

  • In most of the city school’s music is being taught as a hobby subject.
  • Singing of 'bhajan' devotional and patriotic songs, folk songs and folk dances selected from various regions should be practiced.

Humanity And Values

a) History

History is one of the important subjects of humanities.

There is no denying the fact that humanity subjects have great scope for inculcation of values. Of course, in these subjects, there are great opportunities for the imaginative considerations of the human condition.

  • A history teacher has much more opportunity to inculcate values through his teaching.
  • Indian culture is a rich source of human values.
  • Value embedded life stories of great men and women should be highlighted in the classroom.
  • Values like unity, integrity, patriotism, peace, tolerance, non-violence, secularism, etc. can be imparted through the history of freedom struggle and the life history of philosophers, saints, and patriots of the world and India.

b) Geography

Unity in diversity, curiosity, sensitivity, awareness towards the environment, interdependence, etc. can be developed through Geography.

c) Economics

  • The economic teacher should emphasize

    • Dignity of labor,
    • Equitable distribution for resources,
    • Trusteeship,
    • Respect for public property in the classroom.
  • Through surveys, field trips, and exhibitions, teachers may develop sympathetic attitudes toward social evils and exploitation.

d) Civics

Civic sense, democratic values, international understanding, sense of belongingness, protecting public property, and respect for rules and regulations can be developed through civics teaching.

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Value Development Through Various Subjects Notes

Describe The Strategies For Value Development Through School Subjects Notes For B.Ed In English Medium

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