Value Clarification

What Is Value Clarification Approach In Teaching - Define And Explain Its Strategies | Discuss Value Clarification Strategies Commonly Used In Teaching - pupilstutor.com

Value Clarification

Value clarification strategy is an attempt at explaining the process of acquisition of values of children.

  • According to the authors of this concept, this strategy has important implications for teachers for facilitating and structuring the learning situations relating to values.
  • The concept of value clarification was coined by L.E. Rathus, M.F. Harmin, and S.B. Simon in 1966.

Value clarification is used for problematic situations, with conflicting alternatives or equally competing values.

  • It aims at helping students look closely at their ideas, behavior, attitudes thereby clarifying themselves what they really value.
  • This strategy allows one to choose one out of the two, reflect on what is chosen and what is valued by the person.
  • Imposing one's own ideas or moralizing what the teacher thinks is right or wrong is deliberately avoided.

Value Clarification Strategies

Value Clarification Strategies Commonly Used In Teaching

  • Values Clarification Strategies aim to let the learners clarify their positions, thoughts, and feelings about certain situations by going through the valuing processes of choosing, prizing, and acting.
  • Learning activities for the valuing experiences may be in the form of

    • Group dynamics,
    • Co-operative learning,
    • Discussions,
    • Guided imagery,
    • Role-playing, and many more.
  • Group dynamics and cooperative learning has been found to be very effective in encouraging students to learn

    • Openness,
    • Self-expression,
    • Conflict management,
    • Sharing,
    • Collaboration,
    • Communication skills,
    • Team building,
    • Leadership/followership,
    • Collective decision making,
    • Brainstorming skills,
    • Group evaluation,
    • Group reporting, and group synthesizing, among others.
  • These values are enhanced on top of the content of the lesson being developed.

The Kothari Commission has rightly observed,

“The expanding knowledge and the growing power which it places at the disposal of modern society must, therefore be combined with the strengthening and deepening of the sense of social responsibility and a keener appreciation of moral and spiritual values”.

  • Inculcation of desirable values in the pupils is felt essential for meeting out the crisis of character.
  • In a situation that is rapidly developing, it is equally important for us to give a proper value orientation to our educational system.
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