Types Of Values

Explain 11 Different Types Of Values - Moral, Personal, Cultural, Social, Ethical, Spiritual, Aesthetic, Behavioral, Instrumental, Intrinsic, Democratic - pupilstutor.com

Types Of Values

Classifying values has always been a complicated task and has been classified differently. This is due to the fact that there are no hard and fast rules to classify values as they are closely interlinked and interrelated.

  • Values are sometimes classified according to the needs and demands of society.

11 Different Types of Values Are:

1. Moral Values

Moral values are those values that enable an individual in making a distinction between right and wrong and good and bad etc.

  • It particularly refers to the conduct of man towards the man in the various situations in which human beings come together.
  • They reveal a person’s self-control.

Examples of Moral Value:

Fairness

Justice

Equality

Human Dignity

Honesty

Integrity

Sense Of Responsibility

Compassion Etc.


2. Personal Values

Personal Values are personal to an individual both in terms of their possession and their use. It is a desire and cherished by the individual irrespective of his or her social relationship.

  • Each and every individual likes to imbibe these values at their personal level.
  • These values make a person good for himself.

Examples of Personal Value:

Ambition

Cleanliness

Discipline

Honesty

Loyalty

Contentment

Courage

Creativity

Determination

Dignity Of Labor

Diligence

Excellence

Hope

Maturity

Regularity

Punctuality

Self-Confidence

Self-Motivation

Simplicity

Accomplishment

Purity etc.


3. Cultural Values

Cultural values are the standards of what is acceptable or unacceptable, important or unimportant, right or wrong in a community or society.

  • It gives importance to preserving cultural practices, ceremonies, traditions, and ways of life which might be threatened by the materialistic culture of modern times.
  • They maintain the integrity of language behavior and traditional rites.

Examples of Cultural Value:

Hospitality

Codes Of Conduct

Social Order

Tolerance

Gentleness

Non-Violence

Love Etc.


4. Social Values

Social values are certain behaviors and beliefs that are shared within specific cultures and social groups. These values are cherished and practiced because of our association with others.

  • It imposes the interaction of two or more persons.
  • Social values are always practiced in relation to our:

    • Neighbors,
    • Community,
    • Society,
    • Nation and world.
  • These values are good for society and form the basis of the relationship of an individual with other people in society.

Examples of Social Value:

Courtesy

Charity

Civic Duty

Fairness

Goodness

Neighborliness

Trust And Truth

Accountability

Brotherhood

Dutifulness

Forgiveness

Freedom

Friendship

Gratitude

Hospitality

Justice

Love

Patience

Repentance

Responsibility

Service

Sharing

Sympathy

Team Spirit

Tolerance Etc.

5. Ethical Values

Ethics are based on the awareness that a human being is essentially spiritual and intrinsically valuable.

  • A person with ethical values can be trusted and will be respected and revered.
  • Ethical values respect human rights through self-restraint, non-aggression, integrity, justice, and honesty.
  • These values presuppose moral courage and the power to act according to one’s moral convictions even at the risk of financial, emotional, or social security.
  • These values relate to our personal behavior with our fellow beings.
  • Among these, we include values like honesty and truth, etc.
  • All moral values are also covered under ethical values.

6. Spiritual Values

Spiritual values are characterized by the process of reflecting on non-material dimensions of life and acquiring insights into personal experiences which are of enduring worth.

  • They are related to the soul and immaterial reality related.
  • They need not be religious values.
  • They are intangible and are not concerned with material things.
  • Spiritual values are eternal and they do not change.
  • They are real ideas.
  • They affect the individual in his relations with himself’.
  • These are concerned with the realization of the ‘Self’ and being one with ‘Divinity’.

Examples of Spiritual Value:

Truth

Beauty

Goodness

Unity

Pure Love

Joy

Self-Giving

Contentment

Wisdom

Dispassion

Self-Discipline

Devotion To God Etc.


7. Aesthetic Values

Values that give us pleasure and happiness are known as aesthetic values.

  • Aesthetic values represent and seek to emulate the beauty of the Divine through the arts.
  • Things and activities which give joys of beauty are aesthetic values.

Examples of Aesthetic Value:

  • Beauty
  • Taste
  • Architecture
  • Calligraphy And Literature.

8. Behavioral Values

Behavioral values refer to all the good manners that are needed to make our life successful and joyous.

  • They are those values that will express our conduct and behavior in our daily life.
  • Behavioral values will adorn our life and spread cordiality friendliness love all around.

Examples of Behavioral Value:

  • Cordiality,
  • Integrity,
  • Trustworthy,
  • Kindness,
  • Loyalty Etc.

9. Instrumental Values

Instrumental values are such values that are useful in deriving some other benefit through them such as economic gain or an increase in status.

  • A subject is said to have instrumental value when it is pursued not for its own sake but for some ends beyond itself.
  • Instrumental values include preparatory or introductory practical or utilitarian socializing and conventional values.

Example of Instrumental values:

  • Education,
  • Political Power Etc.

10. Intrinsic Values

Intrinsic values are values that are judged well not for something else but in and of themselves.

  • Intrinsic values are such values that are pursued and possessed for their own sake.
  • It refers to the value of an object has solely by virtue of its ‘intrinsic properties’.
  • Intrinsic values are said to be inherent in themselves.
  • They are supposed to be invaluable in an absolute sense.

Examples of Intrinsic Value:

  1. Goodness
  2. Beauty
  3. Artistic Expression
  4. Happiness
  5. Truth And Bliss.

11. Democratic Values

A person with a democratic outlook is characterized by –

  • Respect for individuality equal treatment to all irrespective of their:

    • Sex,
    • Caste,
    • Language,
    • Religion,
    • Color,
    • Race,
    • Family,
    • Status, etc.
  • Ensuring equal social, political, and religious rights to all impartially and Social justice and respect for the democratic institutions.

According to the National Curriculum Framework for School Education (2000)

Truth, righteous conduct, peace, love, and non-violence are the core universal values that can become the foundation for building the value-based education program.

B.EdB.Ed NotesValue Education

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