Concept Of Values


What Does Concept Of Value Mean? - Explain Meaning , Definition, Nature , Characteristics, Features, Importance Of Values | 3 Basic Elements Of Value -

Concept Of Values

The concept of values refers to the criteria used for determining levels of

  • Goodness,
  • Worth or
  • Beauty

Values are estimable and hence worthy of being possessed.

Meaning Of The Concept Of Values

The most popular meaning of the concept of values is given by John Dewey is

To value means primarily to prize, to esteem; but secondarily it means to apprize, to estimate.

It means, that is, the act of cherishing something, holding it dear, and also the act of passing judgment upon the nature and amount of values as compared with something else.

  • Our values give an indication of our character and determine our moral and ethical choices.
  • Values represent the aspirations of religions and philosophies that aim to guide people along the path to a better existence.
  • People who practice values develop inner strength and can resist common human weaknesses.
  • Values are the beauty and grace of life. They are essential constituents of civilization.

Definition Of The Concept Of Values

According to Allport, "Value is a belief upon which a man acts by preference".

According to Hill, "Values are individual beliefs to which people attach significant worth and by which they organize their life. Hence it can be said that values are principles before us that guide and direct our behavior. Things or ideas are valuable because we value them and desire to possess them or desire to cherish them".

According to W.H. Kilpatrick, “That out of man’s capacity for goal-seeking behavior arise his wants and efforts and out of these come in consciously chosen goals. Because goals conflict, man is led weigh his goals against each other”.

It is generally accepted that values are at the root of all types of behavior, including those that are morally, politically, or economically motivated.

  • Values are our convictions that guide our behavior.
  • Values are subtle & are exhibited through behavior.
  • Values help us in deciding what is right and what is wrong.

Parsons (1951) opined that the basic social function of values is to motivate and control the behavior of group members.

Values shape the behavior of both individuals as well as of organizations.

  • The behavior of individuals affects the behavior of an organization if the individual is a part of the organization.
  • Values are more significant to our functioning as individuals and as people.
  • Values are used to characterize societies and individuals, to trace change over time, and to explain the motivational bases of attitudes and behavior.
  • Values exert desirable influences on the way that individuals select, behave and evaluate their worlds.

Values Have Three Basic Elements,

  1. Cognitive,
  2. Affective And
  3. Volitional.

Thus, a value goes beyond the cognitive domain to an affective domain to incorporate a volitional element or disposition to act.

  • An individual organizes his values in a hierarchical way because they differ in their importance to him.
  • Human needs and social demands determine the values of a person apart from his cultural background.

It is also said that

‘Values are global in nature and culture specific’.

Nature And Characteristics Of Values

The nature and characteristics of value education science can very well be described with the support of the following attributes.

  1. The process of acquiring values begins at birth. That is, primarily values are learned at home but in due course, they will change according to their experience.
  2. Values are relatively stable and persistent.
  3. Different regions may have different values and different cultures have different values.
  4. Values changes over time within the same society.
  5. They are influenced by the changing needs and present situations of society. Therefore, culture has a strong influence on values.
  6. Values differ from generation to generation.
  7. Values are self-imposed rules, or ethical policies we adopt in order to travel through life with clear ethics.
  8. Values are the determinants of the attitudes and behavior of an individual.

Thus, the concept of value may be concluded as they are

  1. Priced,
  2. Desirable,
  3. Precious,
  4. Dear And Valuable Material Things Such as

    • Property,
    • Good Appearance,
    • Money,
    • Children Etc.,
  5. Worthwhile,
  6. Non-Material and Abstract Beliefs or Ideas Such as

    • Honesty,
    • Truth,
    • Desire,
    • Honesty,
    • Justice,
    • Piety,
    • Self-Respect Etc.
  7. Estimable
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Concept Of Values Notes

Explain Meaning , Definition, Nature , Characteristics, Features, Importance Of Values Notes For B.Ed In English Medium

(What Does Concept Of Value Mean? - Explain Meaning , Definition, Nature , Characteristics, Features, Importance Of Values | 3 Basic Elements Of Value) Notes And Study Material, PDF, PPT, Assignment For B.Ed 1st and 2nd Year, DELED, M.Ed, CTET, TET, Entrance Exam, All Teaching Exam Test Download Free For Value Education Subject.

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