Methods Of Teaching Peace Education


10 Methods Of Teaching Peace Education – Enquiry, Counseling, Role Playing, Sports And Games, Value Clarification, Yoga, Drama, Teacher As Role Model -

Methods Of Teaching Peace Education

Good teaching methods and techniques make the teaching-learning process

  • Effective,
  • Productive,
  • Interesting,
  • Easier, and
  • Successful.
Every single teaching subject requires some specific methods and techniques, which will be a perfect match for delivering content.
  • For example: To teach Science experiments best method is the demonstration method.

To teach peace education, the following approaches can be practiced.

1)Enquiry Method

Enquiry-based learning and teaching method is the right method for motivating students to raise doubts and questions themselves.

  • In this approach, classrooms should include space for

    • Inter-cultural,
    • Inter-generational, and
    • Multi-way discussions.
  • Political discussions can be introduced among students with new ways of thought, instead of superficial discussions and memorization, which suppress education.

Enquiry method is appropriate for spreading peace culture in classrooms. Through this approach of learning

  • Classroom communication is enhanced,
  • More socialization occurs,
  • Conflict free place is built, and
  • Sharing of personal experiences and knowledge, increase students ability of

    • Active listening
    • Asking critical questions.

Additionally, students experience a range of perspectives and thoughts for

  • Non-violent communication,
  • Cultural understanding, &
  • Learn how to manage conflict.

2)Value Clarification

Value clarification is relatively a new method to teach peace education.

The objective of this strategy is not to teach specific values but to make the learner

  • Aware about their own personally held values and
  • Do a meaningful assessment on in which ways their values stand compared to those of friends, different groups and adults in society, & to even with other societies in other times.
  • It is hoped that this awareness will increase the peace culture among the learner.

Though the Value Clarification strategy includes a variety of activities, there exists a basic procedure that can be followed while using this method:

  1. Teachers should begin Peace education lessons with ‘Opening up’ activities, with a focus on low-risk problems and issues associated with conflict management.
  2. These activities should compel students to reveal their position and opinions over the issue in an overt & explicit manner.
  3. Teacher should accept student responses without Judgment & discourage any attempts by students to mock or challenge each other’s view and outlook.
  4. The students should be asked to further explain or provide a reason for holding a specific value position. This is the Clarification aspect of the Strategy.
  5. Whenever possible, activities should be related to issues that have historical importance or relation with present social and political issues.

3)Jurisprudential Model of Teaching

The Jurisprudential model fits in the family of social interaction model. This model centered upon the idea of a society, that

  • People differ in their beliefs, priorities, and views,
  • Social values legitimately conflict with one another.

Resolving complex and controversial issues for a productive social order requires people

  • Who can talk to each other &
  • Negotiate their differences successfully.

Jurisprudential model of teaching is especially, an effective strategy to solve and manage major conflicts related to issues like:

  • Religions,
  • Race,
  • Ethnicity,
  • Ideology,
  • Economic, &
  • Security.

4)Role Play

Role-play is any activity with verbal communication, where one is speaking on behalf of others in an imaginary situation.

The plus point of this method is that for a short duration, learners can ‘become’ anyone he/she likes.The choice is endless.

Roleplay is a simulation situation & one gets the chance to get more or less real experience. 

  • Roleplay covers many applications & can be easily done even in the classroom.
  • This activity can be practiced using drama.
  • After the role-play and drama is over, teacher should ask students about their feeling, views, or what they learn during role play.
  • It can also be used to facilitate debate about current and real issues related to various world problems.

5)Dramatics Play

Dramatic play refers to a type of play where one accepts role assigned to them and then act them out.

It is a time when children

  • Pretend to be someone or something different from themselves,
  • Dramatize actions and situations which go along with the role they have chosen to play, and
  • Breaks the walls of reality.

Dramatic play may be seen as trivial by some, but, they are very useful and continue to be an important strategy in the effective teaching-learning process.

While taking part in dramatic play, children develop many skills, such as

  • Make-Believe or Pretending
  • Role-Playing
  • Social Skills and Interaction
  • Use Of Props or Materials
  • Adaptability
  • Effective Communication
  • Increase attention Span.
  • Curiosity & imagination.

Dramatic play provides excellent opportunities to parents and teachers for developing and encouraging, peaceful culture among children from a very tender age and to give them a good head start.

6)Yoga and Meditation

Yoga is nothing but a bunch of various physical exercises named ‘Asanas’. This >Asana helps

  • In making an objective assessment of life’s problems by controlling our

    • Anger,
    • Temper,
    • Awareness.
  • To calm nerves which in turn gives us peace.
Mind itself is the cause of diseases. Yoga and Meditation is no more & no less than a better way of living with peace.

Yoga helps

  • To balance state of mind,
  • Generate right thought and attitude, and
  • Provide apt direction to human activities which will lead them towards the joy of fulfillment.

The first step in yoga is to calm oneself - to see things clearly.

  • Calmness helps to generate clarity in thoughts and beliefs.
  • Asanas such as Sukhasana, spreads a sense and feeling of general peacefulness and calmness.

With peace & calm, comes understanding and clarity, which help to better coordinate a day’s work.

  • Asanas such as Vajrasana, help one to feel peace & turn our mind inwardly to have more concentration.

Meditation helps to quieten the mind and the body, thus enabling an individual to focus more on his thoughts & become more concentrated.

  • Meditation improves memory,
  • Create a feeling of peace and calm.
  • Regular practice of mediation, make a person resourceful and intuitive.

Teachers must encourage students to practice yoga and meditation, it would

  • Increase their internal peace,
  • Curb a culture of violence &
  • Helps to maintain and move towards a culture of peace.

7)Sports and Games

The sound mind is a sound body.

For having good mental health, one must have good health and body development.

Sports and games assist people towards peaceful change, as

  • Helps to build strong and good character,
  • Foster spirit of cooperation and understanding,
  • Nurture sportsmanship – fairness, courage, self-control, respect for others, and persistence.
  • Give opportunity to feel and experience sharing & caring behavior.
  • Provide peace to the mind,
  • Motivating peoples to participate in games and sport improve their social behavior & cooperation mind in a long way.

Most psychosomatic diseases can be prevented with systematic fitness activities and physical exercise. Thus, sports & games should be a compulsory subject for all students in the schools.


Countless people all over the world suffer from psychological issues. After any traumatic experience, one needs help

  • To mitigate the emotional and psychological after-effects,
  • To overcome and come out from their isolation and
  • To again find purpose and meaning in their lives.

The effects and after-effects of traumatic experiences are found most among children.

  • Children's psychosocial well beings & responsibility to protect them from the effects of trauma have been widely recognized as a pressing issue in the humanitarian field.
  • Some places and causes which can start psychological problems among children can be

      • Home,
      • Conflict,
      • Congenital, or other disorders.

Counseling is used as a medium to help children to understand themselves which will lead them towards a better understanding of other aspects of their lives.

9)Teacher Education for Peace

Education is the only defense against wars.  The destiny of any nation is being shaped in the classrooms.

Teachers are role models for students, they play a key role in modeling and shaping the destiny of future stakeholders.

Therefore, teachers must be given intensive training or molding regarding different good aspects like

  • Communication skill,
  • Peace culture
  • Value development, and
  • Knowledge of Science and technology.

The teacher education programs should include components of peace education.

Teacher education programs should be planned to give the right experience, to make every single teacher able to uphold their duties and responsibilities.

10)Teacher As A Role Model

A role model is a person who encourages and inspires others

  • To strive for greatness,
  • To live with their fullest potential,
  • To see best in their potential and in themselves.

A role model can be anyone

  • Parent,
  • Friend,
  • Sibling,
  • Teachers etc.

Teachers are generally regarded as the most influential person in any child's life. Children look to them for both guidance and advice.

We learn so much from teachers, via their

  • Commitment to excellence &
  • Ability to make students realize their own personal growth.
B.Ed B.Ed Notes Peace Education


Methods Of Teaching Peace Education Notes

Describe Ten Methods Of Teaching Peace Education Notes For B.Ed In English Medium

(10 Methods Of Teaching Peace Education – Enquiry, Counseling, Role Playing, Sports And Games, Value Clarification, Yoga, Drama, Teacher As Role Model) Notes And Study Material, PDF, PPT, Assignment For B.Ed 1st and 2nd Year, DELED, M.Ed, CTET, TET, Entrance Exam, All Teaching Exam Test Download Free For Peace Education Subject.

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