Aims And Objectives Of Teaching Science At Higher Secondary Stage Of Education


Senior Secondary Stage Of Education And The Aims And Objectives Of The Teaching Science | Teaching Science In Higher Secondary Level |  What Is The Purpose, Target, Goal Of Teaching Science At High School?

The students of this stage of education are more developed than the students of the Junior High School Classes. In this level of education, students should be taught science with a view to achieve the following three things.

  1. Development of the psychological aptitude and
  2. To prepare and equip students for higher
  3. To develop economic efficiency and capacity to earn a livelihood, and to prepare them for future life.

In order to achieve them, certain aims and objectives must be kept in view.

General Aim And Objectives Of Teaching Science At Senior Secondary Stage

Objectives that govern the teaching of science in the higher secondary stage for education are:

  1. Understanding
  2. Skills
  3. Application
  4. Attitude
  5. Interest
  6. Appreciation
  7. Knowledge
  8. Personality Traits

1.  Understanding

Understanding includes translation from one form to another and interpretation.

For understanding, the students must be skilled to

  • Generalize the facts and events which are having shared characteristics.
  • Constantly seek out generalizations to formulate things more clear and understandable.

Generalizations are very essential to understand science in everyday life they form a strong base for higher education. Generalizations are frequently referred to as:

  • Concepts,
  • Principles and
  • Law.

2.  Skills

Knowledge of content alone is not enough for enriching a student

Possession of the skills is very essential in solving practical problems. The various skills which can be developed through science teaching are:

  • Experimental Skill,
  • Problem Solving Skill
  • Constructional Skill,
  • Observational Skill, and
  • Drawing
Rote learning is cancer just stressing on the memory of the content will hinder every possible growth of the student. Prominence should be given to the development, improvement, and refinement of tools.

3.   Application

The third aim and objective of teaching science in higher secondary schools are to make students‘ alert citizens’ and ‘better equipped to improve the community life'.

  • In order to achieve this, the student should be able to apply the generalizations to their daily life.
  • Application in science will serve as a bridge to fill the gap between classroom work and real-life activities.

4.   Attitude

“Attitude is a condition of readiness for a certain type of activity”

Some of the initial manifestations of scientific attitude are finding answers to problems through

  • Direct observation,
  • Experimentation,
  • Verification and
  • Testing of knowledge.

Science teachers, on the other hand, should make special efforts to develop them by employing democratic procedures in classroom activities.

5.   Interest

The teaching of science should aim at developing some interest in

  • Scientific hobbies
  • Activities of the science club
  • Reading scientific literature etc.

Interest should not be superimposed; on the other hand, everybody should be free to select the activity according to one’s own inner appeal.

Also Read: Nature Of Science

6.   Appreciation

The basic idea of this aim is to develop a real feel of science.

  • Appreciation develops from understanding and attitudes it cannot be taught.
  • The students of science should be able to appreciate the contributions of science in the progress of civilizations.

7.   Knowledge

The student studying science should acquire the knowledge of:

  • Scientific facts to understand scientific
  • Methodology and Scientific
  • Trends and Ways and means of dealing
  • Conventions and General rules of health and human
  • The natural phenomenon, Theories, and Structure
  • Correlation and interdependence of different branches of science etc.

The students should be able to relate this knowledge in their everyday life.

8.   Personality Traits

Science teaching should aim to draw out the best in the student body, mind, and soul.

The teaching of science must help acquire personality traits also.

For example: The students should report their results and observations faithfully.

"Science teaching should provide equality and equity for every individual".


B.Ed Notes

Pedagogy of Science

Teaching of Science


Aims Teaching Science In Higher Secondary Level Notes

Aims And Objectives Of Teaching Science At Higher Secondary Stage Of Education Notes For B.Ed In English Medium

Objectives Of Teaching Science At Higher Secondary Stage Notes And Study Material, PDF, PPT, Assignment For B.Ed 1st and 2nd Year, DELED, M.Ed, CTET, TET, Entrance Exam, All Teaching Exam Test Download Free For Pedagogy of Science And Teaching of Science Subject.

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