Sources Of Values


What Are Values And Its Sources? | Three Sources Of Values - Social And Cultural, Constitutional, Religion | Sources Of Values In Indian Constitution -

Sources Of Values

Values are the treasures of life making us wealthy and rich.

  • Values are friends which brings happiness.
  • A life filled with values is a life of self-respect and dignity.
  • Values bring independence and freedom expand our capacity to be self-sufficient and protect us from external influences.

These values can be trapped from 3 different sources like

  1. Socio-Cultural Tradition
  2. Constitution
  3. Religion

i) Socio-Cultural Tradition

Institutionalized relationships of the members of a given society that determine their behaviors are called social traditions.

In every society, there is a set system of working that regulates the behaviors of members in a certain form of relationships. Thus, social institutions reflect social, traditions, cultural basis, and its various dimensions.

Social Institutions Of A Society That Regulate The LifeStyles Of The People Are:

  • Family,
  • Education,
  • Marriage,
  • Caste,
  • Religion,
  • Economy,
  • Law and order,
  • Art and amusement etc.

Cultural traditions are well-established traditions concerned with the values or beliefs, ideas, practices, etc. Thus, the behavior and belief of individuals in a society depend on the established traditions of that society.

  • Indian culture is a composite culture blended with

    • Social institutions,
    • Customs,
    • Values,
    • Beliefs of different races and communities.
  • In spite of its cultural diversity, basic cultural unity has been maintained in India.
  • Also Read: Types Of Values
  • India’s cultural unity lies in

    • Universality,
    • Humanism,
    • Saintliness,
    • Manliness,
    • Tolerance,
    • Non-violence,
    • Love,
    • peace, and individuality with fullest expressions.
  • The essential characteristic of Indian culture is the appreciation for

    • Others way of life,
    • Religion and culture adjustment,
    • Harmony, secularism, and goodwill.

Socio-cultural traditions provide the purpose, meaning, and rationale of the life of the people. Education helps the young ones to gain values from the society and its cultural traditions.

At the same time, education should help to impart knowledge to eliminate undesirable traditions like evils of

  • Caste system,
  • Feeling for rich and
  • Poor superstitious exploitations from the society.

The characteristic elements of social and cultural traditions should be regarded as rich source of values. The parents, teachers and society must initiate the young minds to promote cultural tradition by cooperating with others.

ii) Constitution

India became an independent country on August 15, 1947 and a democratic constitution was established on January 26, 1950.

The Indian society upholds a set of values namely democracy, socialism and secularism which guide the life of the individuals and group functioning.

These three basic values are stressed in the preamble of the Constitution of India as

We the people of India have solemnly resolved to constitute India into a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic and to provide security to all its citizens.
  • India constitution provides preferment for the basic values of democracy, socialism and secularism.
  • These values are the guiding principles for all individual and group functioning.

The principles relating to constitutional values are:

  1. Democratic principles such as

    1. Freedom,
    2. Tolerance,
    3. Equality and respect for other’s view sharing and scientific temper of mind.
  2. Socialist principles like

    1. Respect for equality in status and opportunity,
    2. Equitable distribution of wealth,
    3. Maximizing production of wealth
  3. Secular principles such as

    1. Respect for all religion,
    2. Freedom of worship and management of civic affairs.

The idea of what values should be fostered through education has been best expressed in the Constitution of India.

The Indian Constitution has explicitly laid down fundamental duties of its citizens in Article 51A emphasizing that every Indian citizen would:

  1. Promote harmony and spirit of common brotherhood transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectoral diversities;
  2. Renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;
  3. Develop the scientific temper;
  4. Protect and improve the natural environment;
  5. Value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;
  6. Abjure violence and
  7. Strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavor and achievement.

The Constitution of India lays emphasis on the four pillars of democracy.

The four basic principles of our Indian constitution are:



  • Social,
  • Economic And
  • Political



  • Of Thought
  • Expression
  • Belief
  • Faith And
  • Worship



  • Of Rights And Opportunity And
  • To Promote Among Them All


  • Assuring The Dignity Of The Individual And
  • The Unity And Integrity Of The Nation.

The values expected from the citizens of the country can be seen in the ten fundamental duties laid down in the Constitution as follows:

  1. To abide by the Constitution and respect the National Flag and the National Anthem.
  2. To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom.
  3. To protect sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.
  4. To defend the country.
  5. To promote the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all people of India.
  6. To preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture.
  7. To protect and improve the natural environment.
  8. To develop the scientific temper and spirit of enquiry.
  9. To safeguard public property.
  10. To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity.

The fundamental rights guaranteed in the Indian Constitution also reflecting the values held by the Indian nation are classified under seven groups:

  1. Right To Equality
  2. Right To Particular Freedom
  3. Right Against Exploitation
  4. Right To Freedom Of Religion
  5. Cultural And Educational Rights
  6. Right To Property
  7. Right To Constitutional Remedies

The directive principles of the Indian Constitution are aimed at the establishment of economic and social democracy pledged for in the Preamble.

Our constitution assured provision for

  1. Promotion of basic values,
  2. Equality for all the citizens before the law and equality of educational opportunities,
  3. Justice in human spheres and freedom of faith and expression etc.

Apart from enacting suitable laws, Planning Commission has been formulating comprehensive Five-Year Plans for development and change in accordance with constitutional provisions and directive principles.

iii) Religion

All religions are friends and partners in the pursuit of spiritual life. All religions are bound together in a holy partnership to advance the cause of peace justice and freedom. - Dr. Radhakrishnan

Religion is not the only source of essential values; it certainly is a major source of value.

  1. There is no religion that does not emphasize values and virtues in the process of preparing noble human beings for tomorrow.
  2. Religion purifies man’s inner life and makes him fit for the pursuit of spirituality.
  3. It also deals with the spiritual and moral problems of human beings.
  4. Religion teaches human beings the purpose of life and gives answers to several basic questions which worry them.
  5. It removes all kinds of duality.
  6. The practice of religion transforms the

    • Man Into Universal,
    • Finite into infinite,
    • Self-centered into the self-expressive.

Religion is nothing but a spiritual quest. It is the reaction of the whole man to the whole reality.

According to Gandhiji’s view “Religions is the expression of the permanent nature of man. Religion purifies and elevates one’s nature. It arouses in man a sense of spiritual restlessness a kind of thirst which enables the individual to cultivate and develop a sensitivity to the right and good and make him truly moral man”. Gandhi believes that religion involves a conscious and sincere love and striving for truth.

  • Tolerance, accommodation, and love for humanity with a universal outlook have been bases for peace in society.
  • Teachings of religious leaders and scriptures act as a good source of knowledge of reality and truth.

All religions advocate professes and promotes various values binding man back to its source and his fellow human beings and other creatures.

The values recognized by all religions include:






Hard Work




Mutual Cooperation


Respect For Others View

Purity Of Conduct

Selfless Action

Sacrifice Of One’s Pleasure For Others Etc.

In the words of Dr.S. Radhakrishnan

True religion is in the heart of man not in man-made creeds. It believes in the spiritual nature of man the essential divinity of the human soul. All religions emphasize this aspect. Man has within him the power by which he can rise to the heights of achievement. He shakes off shame and sorrow and conquers darkness.
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Sources Of Values Notes

What Are Values And Its Sources? Notes For B.Ed In English Medium

(What Are Values And Its Sources? | Three Sources Of Values - Social And Cultural, Constitutional, Religion | Sources Of Values In Indian Constitution) Notes And Study Material, PDF, PPT, Assignment For B.Ed 1st and 2nd Year, DELED, M.Ed, CTET, TET, Entrance Exam, All Teaching Exam Test Download Free For Value Education Subject.

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