Aims And Objectives Of Physical Education

What Are The Aims And Objectives Of Physical Education? - List And Explain | Highlight The Goals, Aims And Objectives Of Physical Education In Points - www.pupilstutor.com

Aims And Objectives Of Physical Education

Aims of Physical Education

The primary aim of physical education is not to develop star athletes winning teams or expert performance but a national vitality with character values and physical fitness.

Ministry of Education National plan of physical education and recreation expressed that the aim of physical education must be

  • To make every child
    • Physically,
    • Mentally, and
    • Emotionally fit.
  • To develop in child such personal & social qualities which will help him to live happily with others and build him up as a good citizen.

Butcher listed the 5 aims of physical education as follows:

  1. Physical development
  2. Emotional adjustment
  3. Mental balance
  4. Social adaptability
  5. Manual training

Objectives of Physical Education

The objective of physical education is stated differently by many Physical Educationists. The following are the main objectives of physical education.

1. Development of Mental Health

The mental development objective deals with the accumulation of a body of knowledge and the ability to think and interpret their knowledge.

Physical education programs need

  • The alertness of Mind,
  • Deep Concentration, and
  • Calculated Movements.

Physical activities sharpen the mind, to perform various activities. It includes

  • Rules and regulations and techniques of games,
  • Anatomical and physiological studies,
  • balanced diet,
  • Sanitation,
  • Health and diseases,
  • Personal hygiene etc.

Through participation in various activities, an individual learns to draw certain conclusions.

  • He is able to understand the new situations faced in the games.
  • He is able to take decisions independently.

2. Social Development

In the democratic society in which we live it is necessary to have all individuals develop a sense of group consciousness and cooperative living.

  • Social traits are essential for better adjustment in life.
  • The program of physical education develops these traits.
  • They provide leadership qualities.
  • Through physical activities, the players come closer with each other and adjust themselves according to situations.
  • It helps in attaining traits like

    • Cooperation,
    • Sportsmanship,
    • Unselfishness,
    • Self-control,
    • Courtesy,
    • Fair play,
    • Tolerance and sympathy.

3. Development of Organic Fitness

This objective deals with the program of activities that build physical power in an individual through the development of the various organ systems of the body such a

  • Circulatory system,
  • Nervous system,
  • Respiratory system,
  • Muscular system and digestive systems.

Physical education is related to physical activities, which create various effects on our organic systems.

  • These systems are developed in size, shape, efficiency, etc.
  • This promotes sound health, which enables the individual to be a valuable asset to the nation.

If our systems remain in sound health, they can perform their functions in an efficient way.

4. Development Of Desirable Habits

  1. Maintaining cleanliness.
  2. Development of Personality.
  3. To be disciplined in one’s work.
  4. Chalking out a schedule of desirable activities that may contribute towards a healthy body and a happy mind.
  5. Attainment of sportsmanship.
  6. Development of fearlessness.
  7. Attainment of positive qualities of self-confidence.
  8. Development of leadership qualities.
  9. Development of social cooperation.
  10. Attainment of self-control.

5. Development OF Functional Knowledge

  1. To know and acquire knowledge of proper health procedures.
  2. To know the rules and techniques of different games.
  3. To know the body parts and the effects of exercise on various organs and systems.
  4. To know the methods and principles of games and exercises.

6. Development Of Neuro Muscular Co-Ordination

Good neuromuscular coordination helps to keep off fatigue coordination.

  • We get accuracy and smooth function of our body.
  • Neuromuscular development helps one to perform the daily work with proficiency. Our reaction time becomes less.

7. Providing For Mental Hygiene

Mental Hygiene comprises those activities and techniques which promote and maintain mental health. It includes

  • Elimination of worry and tension through games and sports.
  • Development of ability to face stresses in life.

8. Development Of Qualities Of A Good Citizenship

  • One has to abide by rules and regulations.
  • One’s discipline improves the qualities of good citizenship.
B.EdB.Ed NotesHealth Education

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