Rath’s Process Of Values Clarification


What Is Value Clarification Approach In Teaching? – Analyse Rath’s Process Of Value Clarification | List & Explain 7 Steps Of Rath Process Of Valuing - pupilstutor.com

Rath’s Process Of Value Clarification

One educational approach to help students make values decision is the values clarification process outlined by Rath.

Rath’s process of values clarification is one method to help people identify values or make moral decisions.

  • Rath Values Clarification Process believes that every decision or choice an individual makes is based upon his beliefs, attitudes, and values.
  • Valuing activities allow the individual student the opportunity to identify a personal set of beliefs that aids in the decision-making process.

According to Rath, students need a systematic approach for the development of values. We should be less concerned with the individual value a person selects and more concerned with the process used to arrive at that value.

  • Rath assumes that educators know what processes are most effective in helping students develop their individual system of values.

7 Steps Of Value Clarification

Rath’s 7 step process of value clarification is listed below:

Step 1 - Choosing Freely

  • Students must be able to select values without coercion from others.
  • The facilitator needs to develop an environment which is conductive to allowing participants to express and choose their values without peer pressure or ridicule.

Step 2 - Choosing from Alternatives

  • As with any decision-making process, there must be at least two options (or in this case, values) from which to choose.
  • Obviously, if there is only one value to choose from, there is no choice involved.

Step 3 - Choosing after Thoughtful Consideration of the Consequences of Each Alternative

  • This calls for careful consideration of the risks and benefits of each alternative.
  • The consequences of each alternative must be identified before an intelligent decision can be made.

Step 4 - Prizing and Cherishing

  • If a person has truly developed a value, he/she should be willing to respect that value.
  • A value is only meaningful if the person believes that the value is worth prizing and cherishing.

Step 5 - Affirming

  • If a value has met the aforementioned criteria, then the person should be willing to publicly affirm and support that value position when appropriate.

Step 6 - Acting upon Choices

  • The value position one has selected should provide guideposts for behavior.
  • If the value is prized and cherished and selected from alternatives after weighing the consequences of each alternative, the person is likely to exhibit behaviors congruent with the value.

Step 7 - Repeating

  • A value position which serves as a guidepost for behavior tends to be applicable in a variety of situations.
  • A value position which influences one’s behavior tends to form a pattern in one’s life.

According to Rath, the process of values clarification is more important than the actual value selected. Unless a person satisfies all the criteria listed in the seven-step process, the results or position cannot be considered a value.

This method of defining a value, although somewhat concise, eliminates a variety of beliefs, attitudes, feelings, and opinions from consideration as values.

Instead, these terms have been labelled values indicators. They include

  1. Goals,
  2. Aspirations,
  3. Attitudes,
  4. Interests,
  5. Feelings,
  6. Beliefs,
  7. Activities, and worries.
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List & Explain 7 Steps Of Rath Process Of Valuing Notes

Rath’s Process Of Values Clarification Notes For B.Ed In English Medium

(What Is Value Clarification Approach In Teaching? – Analyse Rath’s Process Of Value Clarification | List & Explain 7 Steps Of Rath Process Of Valuing) Notes And Study Material, PDF, PPT, Assignment For B.Ed 1st and 2nd Year, DELED, M.Ed, CTET, TET, Entrance Exam, All Teaching Exam Test Download Free For Value Education Subject.

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