Back Pain: Meaning, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment


What Causes Backpain? – Causes, Signs, Symptoms, Types, Prevention, Treatment | How To Successfully Control Backpain | 5 Types Of Back Pain And Causes -

Back Pain: Meaning, Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

The back is a complex structure made up of

  • 33 vertebrae,
  • Over 30 muscles,
  • Numerous ligaments,
  • Multiple joints, and intervertebral discs.

What Are The Causes Of Back Pain

Pain felt in the low or upper back. Causes of pain in the low and upper back include

  1. Conditions affecting the bony spine,
  2. Spinal inflammation,
  3. Chest, and abdomen,
  4. Spinal cord and nerves,
  5. Muscles,
  6. Discs between the vertebrae,
  7. Ligaments around the spine and discs,
  8. Internal organs of the pelvis,
  9. Tumors, and the skin.

Sign And Symptoms of Back Pain

  1. The large nerve roots in the low back that go to the legs may be irritated.
  2. The bones, ligaments, or joints may be damaged.
  3. The smaller nerves that supply the low back may be irritated.
  4. The large paired lower back muscles (erector spinae) may be strained.
  5. An intervertebral disc may be degenerating.

Types Of Back Pain And Causes

  1. Muscular Strains
  2. Spinal Stenosis
  3. Ligamentous Sprains
  4. Fibromyalgia
  5. Osteoporosis

1. Muscular Strains:

  • The most common cause of back pain is due to muscular strains.
  • This happens when an unexpected force, twist, or pull is applied to one or several of the muscles in the back.
  • As a result, several tears occur in the muscle.
  • These muscular tears cause pain felt in the back.

2. Spinal Stenosis:

  • It occurs more commonly in people over 50 years old.
  • The term refers to a narrowing of the spinal canal.
  • Spinal stenosis has many causes including thickened ligaments along the spinal canal, bony spurs, and enlarged joint cartilage from arthritic changes.

3. Ligamentous Sprains:

  • This occurs when the ligaments of the back are stretched beyond their means.

4. Fibromyalgia:

  • It is a rheumatic condition characterized by

    • Widespread soft tissue pain,
    • Fatigue,
    • Sleep disturbance, and
    • The presence of evenly distributed areas of tenderness.
  • A history of at least 3 months of widespread pain and tenderness in 11 or more of the 18 designated tender point sites is required in diagnosing this disorder.

5. Osteoporosis:

  • This occurs especially in women.
  • It is a disease characterized by progressive loss of bone density.
  • This results in thinning of bone tissue making one more susceptible to fractures, or broken bones.
  • The bones of the spine are especially affected by this disorder.
  • Injury from falls, lifting of heavy objects, or even the force of sneezing can result in painful vertebral compression fractures.

Prevention And Treatment

  1. Never hold an item higher than your armpit or lower than your knees.
  2. Don't pivot, twist, or turn while lifting.
  3. Bend your knees and keep your back straight.

    • Don't bend at your waist.
  4. Point your feet at the item you're lifting and face it as you pick it up.
  5. Change direction with your feet, not your waist.
  6. Keep the object close to you.

    • The farther away you hold it from your body, the more it stresses your back.
  7. Don't move something that weighs more than 20% of your body weight.
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Back Pain: Meaning, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Notes

How To Successfully Control Backpain? Notes For B.Ed In English Medium

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